Planting Directions â€“ Trees & Shrubs
Â Congratulations on your purchase of a new tree or shrub from Landonâ€™s Greenhouse and Nursery. ToÂ help your plant get a strong, healthy start in our Northern Wyoming climate and soils, we recommend theÂ following planting procedures.
1. Dig a hole of proper width and depth.
It should be twice as wide as the container (or balled andÂ burlapped root ball) and just deep enough to keep the root flare, (normally the top of the root ball) at groundÂ level. Do not plant too deep.
2. Prepare an enriched backfill.
Mix soil removed from the hole with compost at a ratio up to 1:3 (oneÂ shovel scoop of compost to 3 shovel scoops of native soil). Phosphate (bone meal) fertilizers mixed intoÂ the backfill soil are also beneficial. Most container grown plants have already been fertilized in theÂ nursery, and do not need additional nitrogen fertilization until next year.
3. Use the appropriate planting method!
Spring Potted (SP) plants have fragile root systems, as they are just getting established. These plantsÂ must be removed from the container very carefully so as not to break off developing root hairs. If it is in aÂ fiber pot, cut off the bottom of the pot, and hold the soil in the pot by placing your hand underneath the pot,Â then place it in the hole. Cut off the sides of the pot. If it is in a plastic pot, hold your hand over the top ofÂ the pot, turn the pot upside down, close to the bottom of the hole, and gently shake the plant out of theÂ container so that excess soil spills out into the center of the hole. Set the roots carefully into the hole. FillÂ the hole with the amended backfill. Tamp the soil firmly around the plant with a shovel or your hands.
Container Grown (C) plants have established roots, and the containers can be cut off, or the plantsÂ can be gently pulled put of the containers. Often, container grown plants are root bound. Loosen theÂ roots by digging into the root ball 1/2â€-1â€ with your fingers and pulling roots out. Be sure there are noÂ circling roots. If there are, these should be pulled outward or cut off. Severely root bound plants need theÂ roots rigorously raked out. Fill the hole with the amended backfill. Tamp the soil firmly around the plantÂ with a shovel or your hands.
Balled and Burlapped (B) plants must have their wire baskets cut off before being planted. Once theÂ plant is stable in the hole with the wire removed, cut the twine and the burlap from around the root ball asÂ far down as you can reach. Then continue to fill in the hole with the amended back fill. Tamp the soilÂ firmly around the plant with a shovel or your hands. All twineÂ must be removed from around the base ofÂ the plant!
4. Build a small dam with the soil about 3â€ to 4â€ high around the newly planted tree or shrub, the same diameter as the hole.
This will form a basin around the plant to hold water when you water it. KeepÂ this area free of weeds and grass. It could also be mulched with bark chips, hay, etc. to help hold moistureÂ in the ground.
5. After planting, water slowly but generously, allowing water to fill the basin and penetrate deeply into the soil.
After this first watering, the amount of water applied depends on the weather. Using yourÂ green thumb, check the soil daily. If the soil dries out to 1â€ down, then water it. This might be a day, or asÂ long as a month, depending on the weather and soil conditions. After your plant has leafed out, it will needÂ more frequent watering. Always water deeply by filling the basin around the plant.
6. If you plant a tree in a windy spot (like Wyoming), it should be staked.
For small trees, two metal TstakesÂ should be driven into the ground outside the hole, into firmÂ ground. The stakes must be on the windwardÂ and lee-ward sides of the tree. For larger trees (6â€™ Evergreens or any deciduous over 1.25â€) use 3Â stakes evenly spaced around the tree. For best results, use straps, not strings or hose and be sure not to tieÂ the straps too tightly, as this can damage the trunk. Leave a small amount of play in the guy wires so theÂ tree can sway slightly. Remove the straps and stakes in one year.