Planting and Care of Raspberries
Landonâ€™s Greenhouse offers 2 types of Raspberries:
These raspberries bear fruit on second year wood. This means that if the canes are cut down every year, you will never get fruit! Nobody wants that. Floricane raspberries tend to bear fruit in summer rather than fall.Â The best way to prune these particular raspberries is to cut the canes down after they bear fruit. This ensures only the canes that will not bear fruit again are taken out. The raspberries that Landons carries that are classified as floricane raspberries are Boyne and Canby.
These raspberries bear fruit on new wood. This means you can cut down their canes every year! Primocane raspberries bear fruit in fall. The best way to prune these raspberries is to take them down to the ground after fruit harvest in fall. No need to be particular, you can prune them all! The raspberry that Landons carries that is classified as a primocane raspberry is called Fall Gold, a yellow variety!
- Raspberries grow in moist, well-drained soil. It is a good practice to plant them with organic material such as compost. A 50:50 mixture with the native soil is recommended.
- Raspberries like as much sun as you can give them so it is a good idea to plant them in a very sunny area. Sun is the secret ingredient to ripening your fruit!
- Plant raspberries 2 to 3 feet apart in rows of 4 to 5 feet apart. Do not plant too deep!! Only dig the hole as deep as the root you have there and twice as wide.
- If fruit production decreases for reasons not associated with watering, pests, or disease, fertilizer can be applied to them. There are 2 different fertilizers that are recommended by Landons. The first is Jackâ€™s All Purpose Fertilizer 20-20-20. This fertilizer is water soluble and will feed your raspberries with equal parts of NPK. (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium) The second fertilizer recommended is also water soluble and will increase fruit production specifically. This fertilizer has a high middle number or Phosphorus level, which targets flower production which in turn increases fruit production. That product is called Jackâ€™s Blossom Booster Fertilizer 10-30-20. Both can be found and purchased at Landons.
- Weeds should be kept out of the planting site. Especially the first year to allow the raspberry plant full use of the available water and nutrients in the soil.
Raspberries spread by suckers. This means raspberries like to grow and will spread if you let them. Large, unpruned bushes wonâ€™t yield more fruit. Over growth can lead to problems as well. So keeping a handle on your raspberries is recommended.
To ensure that light and air can get inside the plants, keep your raspberry plants controlled. Rows are usually the easiest. Thinning of your raspberries will greatly benefit fruit production and health of the plants. To put a number on it, prune the canes to be within a 12 to 18 inch footprint by pruning out any suckers that come up outside of that footprint.
It is also important to cut out any dead or broken canes throughout the season to prevent the appearance of any bugs or diseases.