Selecting, Planting & Maintaining Roses In Wyoming
For variety, color and fragrance, no flower compares with the rose. There are types and varieties of roses suited for roseÂ beds, hedges, ground covers, perennial borders, and foundation plantings. Most roses will bloom the first year afterÂ they are planted.
Hybrid Tea Roses
The most popular roses and the type usually sold by florists. They grow into small bushes from 18 – 36″ tall. TheyÂ bloom all summer. These require winter protection.
Similar in height to Hybrid Teas, but are considered slightly hardier. Clusters of single or double flowers bloom fromÂ June until fall frosts. These require winter protection.
Hybrid crosses between Floribundas and Hybrid Teas, combining the best qualities of both, with large flowers. TheseÂ require winter protection.
The hardiest of roses needing no special winter protection here in Wyoming and ranging in size from 2â€™ – 6′ tall. NewlyÂ developed cultivars bloom almost continuously from spring until fall, while some of the older cultivars bloom onlyÂ once during the spring.
Small replicas of Hybrid Teas, ranging from 6â€ – 18″ in height. Most have little or no fragrance. They can be grownÂ successfully indoors or out, and generally need no winter protection.
Planting Your New Potted Rose
- Dig a hole twice the diameter of the pot and as deep as the pot. Cut the bottom and sides of pot away, trying not toÂ disturb the root ball. Set soil ball in hole so that graft union is 2″ below ground level. Fill hole around the root ball withÂ organically enriched garden soil, using a ratio of 1 part organic matter to 3 parts soil. Phosphate fertilizers (bone meal)Â will increase bloom potential.
- Firm up soil, and form a shallow basin 2″ deep around rose canes. Fill with water several times to thoroughly soakÂ soil. A bit of sawdust or peat mulch in this basin will help retain moisture.
Maintaining Your Rose
Roses respond amazingly well to adequate feeding and watering. Roses grow best when they receive about 1″ of waterÂ per week during the hot, dry growing season (a 5 gallon pail per plant equals about 1″ of rain). Filling the basin aroundÂ your rose 4 – 5 times will provide close to 5 gallons of water.
Newly planted roses should not be fertilized until new growth is 2â€ – 3″ long. Roses are heavy feeders. RegularÂ feedings of a commercial rose fertilizer is recommended for mid May, late June and late July.
Roses should be inspected often for diseases and insect pests, especially Hybrid Tea Roses. There are many kinds ofÂ insecticides on the market for dealing with pests.